is a general name for all kinds of mechanical equipment which are required for making natural fiber or chemical fiber into textile through processing. Different fibers like cotton、
hair have different required processing to change them into textile. Some are totally different, so they are needed a variety of machine. Classifications include spinning equipment, weaving equipment, printing equipment, finishing equipment, chemical fiber spinning equipment, reeling equipment and non—woven fabric equipment。
Spinning equipment can be divided processing short—staple fiber and long—staple fiber. These two kinds of fibers have varied manufacturing procedures, and their equipment can not be used for both, even though some of the design philosophies are the same. Although there is the identical sort of equipment and they have similar structure of machine, the characteristic of original material and the final requirement of textile will be different. Thus, it can not be in common use.
Sinning equipment is mainly divided as processing short—staple fiber and long—staple fiber. Because of its wide varieties, its usages and properties are different respectively. According to its sequence in the technical processing contains blow room machinery, carding machine, combing machine, winding machine, winding machine, machine, drawing frame, warping process, coarse yarn machine, spinning machine, spinning machine, wool and linen spinning machinery, etc. weaving equipment、winding process, warping process, warp through process, weaving process and finishing process on the basis of technology.
Singeing machine printing and dyeing equipment (fabric singeing, desizing and scouring and bleaching machine) (cloth slurry return), mercerizing machine (the cloth fiber cloth neatly arranged, shiny, dye adsorption is better), uniform padder (cloth dyeing), molding machine (fabric type), shrinking machine (shrink control fabric).
Finishing equipment is the primary equipment of textile for finishing. It has coating, pressing, printing, washing, washing, sand washing, embossing, punching, shaping, embroidery, bronzing, etc chiefly.
In the late nineteenth Century, artificial fibers came into being, widening the field of textile machinery, and adding a category of chemical fiber machinery. The synthetic fiber needs to large-scale growth, promote the synthesis of fiber spinning equipment (spinning screw diameter of 200 mm, the daily output of a single spinning machine to reach 100 tons) and high speed (spinning speed of 3000 ~ 4000 m / min) direction. The fastest growing countries in the world's synthetic fiber industry, almost every 5~6 years, equipment updates, the number of machines in 10 years to double. The spinning and weaving equipment in the last 20 years has made many improvements to the chemical fiber spinning or blending with natural fibers, such as extending the drafting mechanism, spinning the length of the fiber and eliminating the static electricity on the fiber. In dyeing and finishing, high temperature and high pressure dyeing equipment, heat setting equipment, resin finishing equipment and loose finishing equipment have developed.
Non—woven fabric equipment is a textile product which is used material made by bonding, fusion, or other chemical or mechanical methods to process into. This kind of textile product is not going through the technique process with traditional spinning、weaving or knitting. It is call non-woven fabrics or non woven .