The new loom is the direction of the development of weaving machinery and the inevitable trend of the development of weaving technology. Compared with shuttle looms, the new loom improves the adaptability of fabric types, fabric quality, weft insertion rate and production efficiency, and reduces the noise and labor intensity of workers. In the past 70 years, shuttleless looms have formed a tripod of shuttle looms, jet looms and rapier looms, and are developing towards high speed, intelligence, automation, reliability and multi-purpose. In recent years, a large number of jet weaving machines
and rapier weaving machines have been introduced into China, especially in Shaoxing and Xiaoshan areas of Zhejiang Province, which not only change the situation of tripod, but also become the development direction of new looms in the future.
Categories and characteristics of new looms
1. Categories of new looms
(1) The looms of traditional weft insertion system generally belong to single shuttle weaving machines, including air-jet weaving machines, water-jet weaving machines, shuttle weaving machines and rapier weaving machines.
(2) There are two kinds of looms for non-traditional weft insertion system, one is multi-phase or multi-shuttle loom, the other is knitting machine.
(3) The looms for producing special fabrics mainly include plane three-way fabrics and three-dimensional multi-way fabrics, which are produced and developed with the development of industry, especially aerospace industry.
2. Characteristics of the new loom
Because the modern weaving technology is mainly shuttleless loom, the loom of non-traditional weft insertion system and the loom of producing special fabrics are not common in actual production, so this paper mainly discusses the loom of traditional weft insertion system.
It has become a consensus that shuttleless looms will replace shuttleless looms. However, various shuttleless looms have their own advantages in terms of mutual substitution. Regardless of technical characteristics or actual sales, each type of looms has its own specific market segments.